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Most Recently Used (MRU) Menu class for .NET 2.0 in C#
   Đăng bởi: host | Ngày : 01:43 05/12/09 | Xem: 678 |        
 
Most Recently Used (MRU) Menu class for .NET 2.0 in C#
Introduction
A few years ago, I wrote code and an article to implement a Most Recently Used files class for .NET 1.1. Visual Studio 2005 and .NET 2.0 introduced the MenuStrip class. Unfortunately, they still forgot to add an MRU list, so I modified my original code. I debated just adding the new project to that one, but decided it was best to keep this as a separate article since the previous class is now obsolete.
The MruStripMenu class
The MruStripMenu class displays a list of the most recently used files in a popup menu. A derived class, MruStripMenuInline, displays them as additional entries in a menu, or inline. In both cases, a number is displayed to the left of the file. Entries 1-10 allow you to use a number on the keyboard to select an entry.
Namespace
This class is in the creatively named, JWC (Joe Woodbury Classes) namespace.
Constructors
Collapse
MruStripMenu(ToolStripMenuItem recentFileMenuItem, ClickedHandler clickedHandler)
MruStripMenu(ToolStripMenuItem recentFileMenuItem, ClickedHandler clickedHandler,
                                                     int maxEntries)
MruStripMenu(ToolStripMenuItem recentFileMenuItem, ClickedHandler clickedHandler,
                                             string registryKeyName)
MruStripMenu(ToolStripMenuItem recentFileMenuItem, ClickedHandler clickedHandler,
                             string registryKeyName, int maxEntries)
MruStripMenu(ToolStripMenuItem recentFileMenuItem, ClickedHandler clickedHandler,
                      string registryKeyName, bool loadFromRegistry)
MruStripMenu(ToolStripMenuItem recentFileMenuItem, ClickedHandler clickedHandler,
      string registryKeyName, bool loadFromRegistry, int maxEntries)
  • recentFileMenuItem
This is the menu item that will serve as the anchor point for the MRU list. It must be created and inserted into the desired spot in a menu, before creating an MruMenu instance.
  • clickedHandler
The delegate that will be called when one of the MRU entries is selected. The entry number (zero based) and the filename will be passed to the handler.
  • registryKeyName
The name of a registry key MruMenu that will be used to load and/or store the contents of the MRU list. If a key name is passed to the constructor, and loadFromRegistry is true, MruMenu will attempt to load the files from the registry. However, to save the MRU list, you must call SaveToRegistry().
  • loadFromRegistry
If true, MruMenu will attempt to load the MRU list stored in the passed registry key. If the registry key does not exist, an exception will not be thrown.
  • maxEntries
The maximum number of entries to allow in the MRU list. Currently, for practical reasons, the number of entries is limited to be from 4 through 16. If _maxEntries is not within this range, it will be adjusted up, or down, whichever is appropriate (an ArgumentOutOfRangeException will not be thrown).
Delegates
  • publicdelegatevoid ClickedHandler(int number, string filename)
    • number - The MRU relative number of the entry that was clicked.
    • filename - The filename of the entry that was clicked.
Properties
  • ToolStripItemCollection MenuItems (ReadOnly)
The ToolStripItemCollection where the MRU list is located.
  • int StartIndex (ReadOnly)
The menu index of the first MRU entry.
  • int EndIndex (ReadOnly)
The menu index immediately after the last MRU entry.
  • int NumEntries (ReadOnly)
The current number of MRU entries.
  • int MaxEntries (Read/Write)
The maximum number of MRU entries allowed. You can set the MaxEntries to the range of 4 through 16. If the new maximum entries is less than the current number of entries, the oldest entries will be discarded.
  • int MaxShortenPathLength (Read/Write)
The maximum length of the path to allow in menu, in characters. When setting, any value less than 16 will be changed to 16. The new length will have no effect on the current contents of the menu.
  • string RegistryKeyName (Read/Write)
Set/Get the registry key name where the MRU list will be loaded/saved. No error checking is done to verify if the key is valid.
Static Methods
staticstring FixupEntryname(int number, string entryname)
Adds the entry number prefix and mnemonic (for entries 0-9) to the filename. Note that the number is zero based, while the actually displayed numbering is one based.
  • number
The MRU relative number to use for the prefix.
  • entryname
The string to which to apply the prefix.
static String ShortenPathname(string pathname, int maxLength)
If the pathname is longer than maxLength, it replaces consecutive path components by ellipsis. It will always preserve the root of the path and at least three characters of the filename, which may cause the result to be longer than maxLength.
  • pathname
The pathname to check and, possibly, shorten. The pathname should be fully resolved and should start with a drive letter or be a UNC path.
  • maxLength
The maximum length, in characters, of the resulting path.
Methods
int FindFilenameNumber(string filename)
Find the MRU relative number of the entry which matches filename. This match must be exact except for case sensitivity.
Returns -1 if a matching entry cannot be found.
  • filename
The filename to find.
int FindFilenameMenuIndex(string filename)
Find the menu index of the entry which matches filename. This match must be exact except for case sensitivity.
Returns -1 if a matching entry cannot be found.
  • filename
The filename to find.
int GetMenuIndex(int number)
Returns the menu index of the entry at the MRU relative number.
  • number
The MRU relative number of the menu index.
string GetFileAt(int number)
Returns the filename stored at the MRU relative number.
  • number
The MRU relative number of the filename to remove. Note that this number is zero based, while the display is one based.
string[] GetFiles()
Returns the list of files in the MRU list. The most recent file will be at index zero.
void SetFiles(String[] filenames)
Replaces the MRU entries with filenames. (Functionally equivalent to: RemoveAll(); AddFiles(filenames);.) The filenames will be added such that the first string in the array will be the topmost on the MRU list. (In other words, the entries will be added from the end to the beginning.)
  • filenames
The list of filenames to set.
void SetFirstFile(int number)
Makes the specified entry the first on the MRU list.
  • number
The MRU relative number of the entry to make the first. Note that this number is zero based, while the display is one based.
void AddFiles(String[] filenames)
Adds filenames to the list of files. The filenames will be added such that the first string in the array will be the topmost on the MRU list. (In other words, the entries will be added from the end to the beginning.)
  • filenames
The list of filenames to add.
void AddFile(String filename)
Adds a filename to the MRU list. If the entry exists, it will be moved to the first position. Otherwise it will be added in the first position. If the number of entries exceeds maxEntries, the least recent file (the last one) will be removed.
Before being added, the filename will first be resolved to an absolute path. The result will then be passed to the ShortenPathname function. Despite the absolute path resolution, it is possible for multiple entries to refer to the same physical file.
  • filename
The filename to add.
void AddFile(String filename, String entryname)
Adds entryname to the MRU list and stores filename with that entry. If the entry exists, it will be moved to the first position. Otherwise it will be added in the first position. If the number of entries exceeds maxEntries, the least recent file (the last one) will be removed. Note that filename will be used to determine whether an entry exists. Thus it is possible to have two identical entries in the MRU list, even though the associated filenames are different.
  • filename
The filename to add.
  • entryname
The text to use in the MRU menu.
void RemoveFile(int number)
Removes the entry at the MRU relative number.
  • number
The MRU relative number of the entry to remove. Note that this number is zero based, while the display is one based.
void RemoveFile(String filename)
Removes the entry associated with filename.
  • filename
The filename to remove.
void RemoveAll()
Removes all MRU entries.
void LoadFromRegistry(String keyName)
Sets the registry key and loads the entries located at that key.
  • keyName
The registry key from which to restore the MRU entries.
void LoadFromRegistry()
Loads the entries located at the stored key.
void SaveToRegistry(String keyName)
Sets the registry key and saves the entries to that key.
  • keyName
The registry key where the MRU entries will be stored.
void SaveToRegistry()
Saves the entries located at the stored key.
 
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